It was only in the first decades of the 20th century that the most common current structure became standard: the AAB pattern , consisting of a line sung over the four first bars, its repetition over the next four, and then a longer concluding line over the last bars.
Early blues frequently took the form of a loose narrative, often relating the racial discrimination and other challenges experienced by African-Americans. Many elements, such as the call-and-response format and the use of blue notes, can be traced back to the music of Africa. The origins of the blues are also closely related to the religious music of the Afro-American community, the spirituals. The first appearance of the blues is often dated to after the ending of slavery and, later, the development of juke joints.
It is associated with the newly acquired freedom of the former slaves. Chroniclers began to report about blues music at the dawn of the 20th century. The first publication of blues sheet music was in Blues has since evolved from unaccompanied vocal music and oral traditions of slaves into a wide variety of styles and subgenres. Blues subgenres include country blues , such as Delta blues and Piedmont blues , as well as urban blues styles such as Chicago blues and West Coast blues.
World War II marked the transition from acoustic to electric blues and the progressive opening of blues music to a wider audience, especially white listeners. In the s and s, a hybrid form called blues rock developed, which blended blues styles with rock music.
The term Blues may have come from "blue devils", meaning melancholy and sadness; an early use of the term in this sense is in George Colman 's one-act farce Blue Devils In lyrics the phrase is often used to describe a depressed mood. She was a free-born black from Pennsylvania who was working as a schoolteacher in South Carolina, instructing both slaves and freedmen, and wrote that she "came home with the blues" because she felt lonesome and pitied herself.
She overcame her depression and later noted a number of songs, such as Poor Rosy , that were popular among the slaves. Although she admitted being unable to describe the manner of singing she heard, Forten wrote that the songs "can't be sung without a full heart and a troubled spirit", conditions that have inspired countless blues songs. The lyrics of early traditional blues verses probably often consisted of a single line repeated four times.
It was only in the first decades of the 20th century that the most common current structure became standard: the so-called "AAB" pattern, consisting of a line sung over the four first bars, its repetition over the next four, and then a longer concluding line over the last bars.
Handy wrote that he adopted this convention to avoid the monotony of lines repeated three times. Early blues frequently took the form of a loose narrative. African-American singers voiced his or her "personal woes in a world of harsh reality: a lost love, the cruelty of police officers, oppression at the hands of white folk, [and] hard times".
The lyrics often relate troubles experienced within African American society. Backwater rising, Southern peoples can't make no time I said, backwater rising, Southern peoples can't make no time And I can't get no hearing from that Memphis girl of mine. Although the blues gained an association with misery and oppression, the lyrics could also be humorous and raunchy: .
Rebecca, Rebecca, get your big legs off of me, Rebecca, Rebecca, get your big legs off of me, It may be sending you baby, but it's worrying the hell out of me. Hokum blues celebrated both comedic lyrical content and a boisterous, farcical performance style. Blues songs with sexually explicit lyrics were known as dirty blues. The lyrical content became slightly simpler in postwar blues, which tended to focus on relationship woes or sexual worries. Lyrical themes that frequently appeared in prewar blues, such as economic depression, farming, devils, gambling, magic, floods and drought, were less common in postwar blues.
The writer Ed Morales claimed that Yoruba mythology played a part in early blues, citing Robert Johnson 's " Cross Road Blues " as a "thinly veiled reference to Eleggua , the orisha in charge of the crossroads". The blues form is a cyclic musical form in which a repeating progression of chords mirrors the call and response scheme commonly found in African and African-American music.
During the first decades of the 20th century blues music was not clearly defined in terms of a particular chord progression. Idiosyncratic numbers of bars are occasionally used, such as the 9-bar progression in " Sitting on Top of the World ", by Walter Vinson. The blues chords associated to a twelve-bar blues are typically a set of three different chords played over a bar scheme.
They are labeled by Roman numbers referring to the degrees of the progression. The last chord is the dominant V turnaround , marking the transition to the beginning of the next progression. The lyrics generally end on the last beat of the tenth bar or the first beat of the 11th bar, and the final two bars are given to the instrumentalist as a break; the harmony of this two-bar break, the turnaround, can be extremely complex, sometimes consisting of single notes that defy analysis in terms of chords.
Much of the time, some or all of these chords are played in the harmonic seventh 7th form. The use of the harmonic seventh interval is characteristic of blues and is popularly called the "blues seven". At a ratio, it is not close to any interval on the conventional Western diatonic scale. In melody , blues is distinguished by the use of the flattened third , fifth and seventh of the associated major scale.
Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance-like rhythm and call-and-response, and they form a repetitive effect called a groove. Characteristic of the blues since its Afro-American origins, the shuffles played a central role in swing music. When this riff was played over the bass and the drums, the groove "feel" was created. Shuffle rhythm is often vocalized as " dow , da dow , da dow , da" or " dump , da dump , da dump , da":  it consists of uneven, or "swung", eighth notes.
On a guitar this may be played as a simple steady bass or it may add to that stepwise quarter note motion from the fifth to the sixth of the chord and back. The first publication of blues sheet music may have been "I Got the Blues", published by New Orleans musician Antonio Maggio in and described as "the earliest published composition known to link the condition of having the blues to the musical form that would become popularly known as 'the blues.
Handy 's " The Memphis Blues " followed in the same year. But the origins of the blues were some decades earlier, probably around Reports of blues music in southern Texas and the Deep South were written at the dawn of the 20th century.
Charles Peabody mentioned the appearance of blues music at Clarksdale, Mississippi , and Gate Thomas reported similar songs in southern Texas around — These observations coincide more or less with the recollections of Jelly Roll Morton , who said he first heard blues music in New Orleans in ; Ma Rainey , who remembered first hearing the blues in the same year in Missouri ; and W.
Handy , who first heard the blues in Tutwiler, Mississippi , in The first extensive research in the field was performed by Howard W.
Odum , who published an anthology of folk songs from Lafayette County, Mississippi , and Newton County, Georgia , between and They are now lost. Other recordings that are still available were made in by Lawrence Gellert.
Later, several recordings were made by Robert W. Gordon's successor at the library was John Lomax. In the s, Lomax and his son Alan made a large number of non-commercial blues recordings that testify to the huge variety of proto-blues styles, such as field hollers and ring shouts.
The social and economic reasons for the appearance of the blues are not fully known. Several scholars characterize the development of blues music in the early s as a move from group performance to individualized performance.
They argue that the development of the blues is associated with the newly acquired freedom of the enslaved people. According to Lawrence Levine, "there was a direct relationship between the national ideological emphasis upon the individual, the popularity of Booker T. Washington's teachings, and the rise of the blues.
There are few characteristics common to all blues music, because the genre took its shape from the idiosyncrasies of individual performers. Call-and-response shouts were an early form of blues-like music; they were a "functional expression Blues has evolved from the unaccompanied vocal music and oral traditions of slaves imported from West Africa and rural blacks into a wide variety of styles and subgenres, with regional variations across the United States.
Although blues as it is now known can be seen as a musical style based on both European harmonic structure and the African call-and-response tradition that transformed into an interplay of voice and guitar,   the blues form itself bears no resemblance to the melodic styles of the West African griots.
No specific African musical form can be identified as the single direct ancestor of the blues. That blue notes predate their use in blues and have an African origin is attested to by "A Negro Love Song", by the English composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor , from his African Suite for Piano , written in , which contains blue third and seventh notes.
The Diddley bow a homemade one-stringed instrument found in parts of the American South in the early twentieth century and the banjo are African-derived instruments that may have helped in the transfer of African performance techniques into the early blues instrumental vocabulary.
It is similar to the musical instrument that griots and other Africans such as the Igbo  played called halam or akonting by African peoples such as the Wolof , Fula and Mandinka. Blues music also adopted elements from the "Ethiopian airs", minstrel shows and Negro spirituals , including instrumental and harmonic accompaniment.
The musical forms and styles that are now considered the blues as well as modern country music arose in the same regions of the southern United States during the 19th century. Recorded blues and country music can be found as far back as the s, when the record industry created the marketing categories " race music " and " hillbilly music " to sell music by blacks for blacks and by whites for whites, respectively. Be the first. Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers.
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Remember me on this computer. Cancel Forgot your password? Blues Music Blues Music -- User lists Similar Items. Work me baby -- Do the romp -- Stay all night -- Meet me in the city -- You better run -- Done got old -- All night long -- I feel alright -- Nobody but you -- Slow lightning. There were notable exceptions: a string of dates with Iggy Pop, and several tours with the Fat Possum Circus a package deal. But the news traveled— to hear Junior you had to go to Mississippi.
Mildred Washington, his companion of 30 years, had been taking care of him. In addition to the 36 children he claimed, Junior put his brand on music. Product Description. Product Details. Performer Notes. Includes liner notes by Robert Palmer. If Junior Kimbrough's hypnotic, modal guitar riffs and ghostly, soul-drenched voice, which simultaneously drive and float through tracks like "You Better Run" and "I Feel Alright," don't make you want to take off your shirt and run through the cotton fields guzzling moonshine and screeching at the moon like a banshee, then ALL NIGHT LONG might not be for you.
For many, Kimbrough was the embodiment of latterth century blues. His legendary juke joint in Holly Springs, Mississippi was the epicenter of North Mississippi blues music from the '70s through the '90s, during which time the region's distinctive approach to the form came to the attention of music lovers elsewhere.
Jazz Latin New Age. Aggressive Bittersweet Druggy. Energetic Happy Hypnotic. Romantic Sad Sentimental. Sexy Trippy All Moods. Drinking Hanging Out In Love. Introspection Late Night Partying. Rainy Day Relaxation Road Trip. Romantic Evening Sex All Themes.Check out Do the Rump! by Junior Kimbrough And The Soul Blues Boys on Amazon Music. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on halfcelltitegodfeperarinlelasag.xyzinfo