Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Do you like this video? Get started. Learn more. The perfect tax solution for freelancers, independent contractors, and small business owners. Simply tell us about your year, including what you do for income, if you have kids, if you own or rent, and if you made any charitable donations.
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We run thousands of error checks as you go and double-check your tax return before you file. Get a comprehensive review of your online tax return before you file so you can be confident nothing gets missed. Got married? Had a baby? Read More. Looking for major a performance boost? Show Less. Recent Vehicles. Refine results by: Current Vehicle Recent Vehicles. Recently Searched. Show Recent Vehicles. X Welcome International Customers! Results 1 - 25 of View By Product Groups.
Large Image Video. Test Your Vocabulary. Love words? Need even more definitions? The awkward case of 'his or her'. Word Games Return of Name that Color! Take the quiz Words for Summer: A Quiz Test your knowledge of words related to the season of longer days and vacations. Take the quiz Spell It Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? High cruise flight also allows more time to evaluate issues before a forced landing must be made.
As the turbocharged aircraft climbs, however, the pilot or automated system can close the wastegate, forcing more exhaust gas through the turbocharger turbine, thereby maintaining manifold pressure during the climb, at least until the critical pressure altitude is reached when the wastegate is fully closed , after which manifold pressure falls.
With such systems, modern high-performance piston engine aircraft can cruise at altitudes up to 25, feet above which, RVSM certification would be required , where low air density results in lower drag and higher true airspeeds.
This allows flying "above the weather". In manually controlled wastegate systems, the pilot must take care not to overboost the engine, which causes detonation, leading to engine damage. Turbocharging, which is common on diesel engines in automobiles, trucks, tractors, and boats is also common in heavy machinery such as locomotives, ships, and auxiliary power generation. Turbochargers are also employed in certain two-stroke cycle diesel engines, which would normally require a Roots blower for aspiration.
In this specific application, mainly Electro-Motive Diesel EMD , , and Series engines, the turbocharger is initially driven by the engine's crankshaft through a gear train and an overrunning clutch , thereby providing aspiration for combustion. After combustion has been achieved, and after the exhaust gases have reached sufficient heat energy, the overrunning clutch is automatically disengaged, and the turbo-compressor is thereafter driven exclusively by the exhaust gases.
In the EMD application, the turbocharger acts as a compressor for normal aspiration during starting and low power output settings and is used for true turbocharging during medium and high power output settings. This is particularly beneficial at high altitudes, as are often encountered on western U. It is possible for the turbocharger to revert to compressor mode momentarily during commands for large increases in engine power.
The U. Coalition for Advanced Diesel Cars is pushing for a technology neutral policy for government subsidies of environmentally friendly automotive technology. If successful, government subsidies would be based on the Corporate Average Fuel Economy CAFE standards rather than supporting specific technologies like electric cars. Political shifts could drastically change adoption projections.
Turbocharger failures and resultant high exhaust temperatures are among the causes of car fires. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Several terms redirect here. For other uses, see Turbo disambiguation. Not to be confused with Supercharger. Main article: Supercharger. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Main article: Twin-turbo. Cut-out of a twin-scroll turbocharger, with two differently angled nozzles. Main article: Variable-geometry turbocharger. Main article: Centrifugal compressor. Main article: Compressor map. July Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Main article: Water injection engines. Main article: Air-fuel ratio. Main article: Wastegate. Main article: Blowoff valve. Main article: Turbocharged petrol engines. Main article: Turbo-diesel. Main article: Forced induction in motorcycles. Retrieved 1 June Retrieved 30 June Retrieved 20 September Peter Vann.
CarTech Inc. Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved 2 August Archived from the original on 29 September Theodore Gresh. Car Bibles. Aircraft Maintenance Technology. Archived from the original PDF on 17 June Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 12 December Detroit's big switch to Turbo Power.
Apr Coursework for Physics Retrieved 17 April Variable Turbine Geometry. Garrett by Honeywell. Retrieved 28 SeptemberApr 17, · The results of the experimental study of shafting torsional vibrations of a T/ heating turbo unit at Omsk CHPP-5 are presented and discussed. The hardware and software used in the study were previously described. The technique implemented for controlling the torsional vibration parameters was detailed in the first part of this work.