As the plant grows, the bases of the seed leaves, near the taproot, are pushed apart. The stem, located just above the ground, is compressed and the internodes are not distinct. Most of the taproot consists of a pulpy outer cortex phloem and an inner core xylem. High-quality carrots have a large proportion of cortex compared to core.
Although a completely xylem-free carrot is not possible, some cultivars have small and deeply pigmented cores; the taproot can appear to lack a core when the colour of the cortex and core are similar in intensity.
Taproots are typically long and conical, although cylindrical and nearly-spherical cultivars are available. Flower development begins when the flat meristem changes from producing leaves to an uplifted, conical meristem capable of producing stem elongation and a cluster of flowers.
The cluster is a compound umbel , and each umbel contains several smaller umbels umbellets. The first primary umbel occurs at the end of the main floral stem; smaller secondary umbels grow from the main branch, and these further branch into third, fourth, and even later-flowering umbels.
A large, primary umbel can contain up to 50 umbellets, each of which may have as many as 50 flowers; subsequent umbels have fewer flowers. Individual flowers are small and white, sometimes with a light green or yellow tint. They consist of five petals , five stamens , and an entire calyx.
The stamens usually split and fall off before the stigma becomes receptive to receive pollen. The stamens of the brown, male, sterile flowers degenerate and shrivel before the flower fully opens. In the other type of male sterile flower, the stamens are replaced by petals, and these petals do not fall off. A nectar-containing disc is present on the upper surface of the carpels.
Flowers change sex in their development, so the stamens release their pollen before the stigma of the same flower is receptive. The arrangement is centripetal, meaning the oldest flowers are near the edge and the youngest flowers are in the center. Flowers usually first open at the outer edge of the primary umbel, followed about a week later on the secondary umbels, and then in subsequent weeks in higher-order umbels.
The usual flowering period of individual umbels is 7 to 10 days, so a plant can be in the process of flowering for 30—50 days. The distinctive umbels and floral nectaries attract pollinating insects. After fertilization and as seeds develop, the outer umbellets of an umbel bend inward causing the umbel shape to change from slightly convex or fairly flat to concave, and when cupped it resembles a bird's nest.
The fruit that develops is a schizocarp consisting of two mericarps ; each mericarp is a true seed. The paired mericarps are easily separated when they are dry.
Premature separation shattering before harvest is undesirable because it can result in seed loss. Mature seeds are flattened on the commissural side that faced the septum of the ovary. The flattened side has five longitudinal ribs. The bristly hairs that protrude from some ribs are usually removed by abrasion during milling and cleaning.
Seeds also contain oil ducts and canals. Seeds vary somewhat in size, ranging from less than to more than seeds per gram. Polyacetylenes can be found in Apiaceae vegetables like carrots where they show cytotoxic activities. This latter compound shows antifungal activity towards Mycocentrospora acerina and Cladosporium cladosporioides.
Other compounds such as pyrrolidine present in the leaves ,  6-hydroxymellein ,  6-methoxymellein , eugenin , 2,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde gazarin or Z acetoxy-heptadeca-1,9-diene-4,6-diinol falcarindiol 3-acetate can also be found in carrot.
Carrots are grown from seed and can take up to four months days to mature, but most cultivars mature within 70 to 80 days under the right conditions. Fertilizer should be applied according to soil type because the crop requires low levels of nitrogen, moderate phosphate and high potash. There are several diseases that can reduce the yield and market value of carrots.
The most devastating carrot disease is Alternaria leaf blight, which has been known to eradicate entire crops. A bacterial leaf blight caused by Xanthomonas campestris can also be destructive in warm, humid areas. Root knot nematodes Meloidogyne species can cause stubby or forked roots, or galls. Physical damage can also reduce the value of carrot crops. I've read in several garden books about how carrots weren't originally orange. The first carrots cultivated were purple, yellow, or white.
Orange came much later. But how, and why? Keep the soil well-watered, but not waterlogged. Irregular watering can produce split or diseased carrots. Avoid this by putting carrots on a regular watering schedule or by watering carrots with a timed irritation system. Leslie Rose has been a freelance writer publishing with Demand Studios since In addition to her work as a writer, she is an accomplished painter and experienced art teacher. She has a Bachelor of Arts degree in art with a minor in English.
Bunnies give you bonuses for having 3 of the same color or type. You can keep your bunnies alive by buying food cards or you can kill the bunnies of other players by using various brutal cards.
The cards often make humorous references to pop culture like to Dr. Who or The Terminator. Although the cards are high quality, the game is garbage. Even if you have all but one carrot, you still have a chance at losing the game. Worse than that though, is that you have to wait 2 turns to have your cards played so there is little reaction to the game as it goes on.
Also, the theme of killing bunnies is kinda gross, especially for anyone familiar with Watership Down. This can be fun game with a very strange mix of people.
Quick enough to play thru generally. Goal is predetermined. Overall, it can be a fun game. People generally love it or hate it, it seems. I do like random, luck-based games that are fast and entertaining. However, this game requires too much time and thought to be of that variety. Also, the win condition has only one sure strategy: Take all the carrots, which is an improbable feat at best.
It summarizes a house rule wherein the winning Magic carrot is randomly determined and revealed at the outset. I also suggest a simple Victory Point system, the non-Magic carrots being worth 1 VP and the Magic carrot 5 VP or more or less, depending on how many carrots you play with. You must be logged in to add a review. Remember Me. Register Lost your password? Log in Lost your password? Username or E-mail:.
Log in Register. Skip to content. Search for: Games News Stores. Reviews 11 Game Tips 15 Discussion. Publisher Overview Videos. Not so in Killer Bunnies… Does that bother you? Let me give an example… Fingercuffs states that it shares the fate of two bunnies. But this one won that honor. None of your questions about the rules matter. None of your efforts to understand them matter.
The Cards Many cards, especially offensive and carrot acquisition cards will require you to have a bunny. Final Thoughts The random nature of the winning carrot is one of the most often cited problems with the game. One year after Munchkin was published, Killer Bunnies comes on the scene to compete in the genre of closed, comedic card games: You play the game by placing cards face down on the table.
As someone mentioned above, you play to play and laugh, not to win. Edit Recommendations. Log in to rate this game! Share this game with others! Info Time Contents Expansions. Replay Value. Easy to Learn. Playing Time 90 minutes. Username E-mail A password will be e-mailed to you. Username or E-mail: Log in Register.
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