Treatment can often shrink tumors or slow their growth , improve symptoms, and help women live longer. These cancers are considered incurable. Treatment often continues until the cancer starts growing again or until side effects become unacceptable. If this happens, other drugs might be tried. The types of drugs used for stage IV breast cancer depend on the hormone receptor status and the HER2 status of the cancer:.
Women with hormone receptor-positive estrogen receptor-positive or progesterone receptor-positive cancers are often treated first with hormone therapy tamoxifen or an aromatase inhibitor. Because hormone therapy can take months to work, chemo is often the first treatment for patients with serious problems from their cancer spread, such as breathing problems. Pertuzumab Perjeta , another targeted drug, might be added as well. Another option is the targeted drug lapatinib which may be given with certain chemotherapy drugs or hormone therapy or ado-trastuzumab emtansine Kadcyla.
These women are typically treated with chemotherapy and hormone therapy, if the cancer is hormone receptor-positive. What Is Cancer? Cancer Statistics. Cancer Disparities. Cancer Causes and Prevention. Risk Factors. Cancer Prevention Overview. Cancer Screening Overview. Screening Tests. Diagnosis and Staging. Questions to Ask about Your Diagnosis. Types of Cancer Treatment. Side Effects of Cancer Treatment. Clinical Trials Information. A to Z List of Cancer Drugs.
Questions to Ask about Your Treatment. Feelings and Cancer. Adjusting to Cancer. Day-to-Day Life. Support for Caregivers. Questions to Ask About Cancer. Choices for Care. Talking about Your Advanced Cancer.
Planning for Advanced Cancer. Advanced Cancer and Caregivers. Questions to Ask about Advanced Cancer. Managing Cancer Care. Finding Health Care Services. Advance Directives. Using Trusted Resources. Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer. Reports, Research, and Literature. Cancers by Body Location. Most types of cancer have four stages: stages I 1 to IV 4. Some cancers also have a stage 0 zero. Stage 0. This stage of cancer is often highly curable, usually by removing the entire tumor with surgery.
Stage I. This stage is usually a small cancer or tumor that has not grown deeply into nearby tissues. It also has not spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body. It is often called early-stage cancer.
In general, these 2 stages indicate larger cancers or tumors that have grown more deeply into nearby tissue. They may have also spread to lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body. Stage IV. This stage means that the cancer has spread to other organs or parts of the body. It may also be called advanced or metastatic cancer. The stage of a cancer does not change over time. If the cancer comes back or spreads to another part of the body, the more recent information about the size and spread of the cancer is added to the original stage.
This process uses the same staging system described above. Usually some of the same tests that were done when the cancer was first diagnosed will be repeated. After this, the doctor may assign the cancer a new stage. However, this is not common. The TNM system is mainly used to describe cancers that form solid tumors, such as breast, colon, and lung cancers. However, doctors use other staging systems to classify other types of cancer, such as:. Central nervous system tumors brain tumors.
Because cancerous brain tumors do not normally spread outside the brain and spinal cord, only the "T" description of the TNM system applies. In general, the results of imaging tests such as PET and CT scans are the most important when determining the stage of the lymphoma. The staging system used for Hodgkin lymphoma is the Lugano classification , which is based on the older Ann Arbor system. Stage IV: HL has spread widely into at least one organ outside of the lymph system, such as the liver, bone marrow, or lungs.
It's usually labeled by adding the letter X to the stage.Jun 13, · view the stage 4 stay healthy guidelines as a pdf. state of idaho. idaho department of health and welfare. stay healthy guidelines. june 13, businesses and governmental agencies may continue to resume operations at physical locations in the state of idaho.