William Batty 's circus, for example, between and , travelled from Newcastle to Edinburgh and then to Portsmouth and Southampton. Pablo Fanque , who is noteworthy as Britain's only black circus proprietor and who operated one of the most celebrated travelling circuses in Victorian England, erected temporary structures for his limited engagements or retrofitted existing structures.
Soullier was the first circus owner to introduce Chinese acrobatics to the European circus when he returned from his travels in , and Tourniaire was the first to introduce the performing art to Ranga, where it became extremely popular. This format was adopted by European circuses at the turn of the 20th century. The influence of the American circus brought about a considerable change in the character of the modern circus. In arenas too large for speech to be easily audible, the traditional comic dialog of the clown assumed a less prominent place than formerly, while the vastly increased wealth of stage properties relegated to the background the old-fashioned equestrian feats, which were replaced by more ambitious acrobatic performances, and by exhibitions of skill, strength and daring, requiring the employment of immense numbers of performers and often of complicated and expensive machinery.
From the late 19th century through the first half of the 20th century, travelling circuses were a major form of spectator entertainment in the US and attracted huge attention whenever they arrived in a city. After World War II, the popularity of the circus declined as new forms of entertainment such as television arrived and the public's tastes became more sophisticated. From the s onward, circuses attracted growing criticism from animal rights activists.
Many circuses went out of business or were forced to merge with other circus companies. Nonetheless, a good number of travelling circuses are still active in various parts of the world, ranging from small family enterprises to three-ring extravaganzas.
Other companies found new ways to draw in the public with innovative new approaches to the circus form itself. In , Lenin , head of the Soviet Russia , expressed a wish for the circus to become "the people's art-form", with facilities and status on par with theatre, opera and ballet.
In , the State University of Circus and Variety Arts , better known as the Moscow Circus School, was established; performers were trained using methods developed from the Soviet gymnastics program. When the Moscow State Circus company began international tours in the s, its levels of originality and artistic skill were widely applauded. Circuses from China, drawing on Chinese traditions of acrobatics , like the Chinese State Circus are also popular touring acts.
Contemporary circus originally known as nouveau cirque is a performing arts movement that originated in the s in Australia, Canada, France,  the West Coast of the United States, and the United Kingdom. Contemporary circus combines traditional circus skills and theatrical techniques to convey a story or theme.
Compared with the traditional circus, the contemporary genre of circus tends to focus more attention on the overall aesthetic impact, on character and story development, and on the use of lighting design , original music, and costume design to convey thematic or narrative content.
For aesthetic or economic reasons, contemporary circus productions may sometimes be staged in theatres rather than in large outdoor tents. Music used in the production is often composed exclusively for that production, and aesthetic influences are drawn as much from contemporary culture as from circus history.
Animal acts appear rarely in contemporary circus, in contrast to traditional circus, where animal acts have often been a significant part of the entertainment. A traditional circus performance is often led by a ringmaster who has a role similar to a Master of Ceremonies. The ringmaster presents performers, speaks to the audience, and generally keeps the show moving. The activity of the circus traditionally takes place within a ring; large circuses may have multiple rings, like the six-ringed Moscow State Circus.
A circus often travels with its own band, whose instrumentation in the United States has traditionally included brass instruments , drums, glockenspiel , and sometimes the distinctive sound of the calliope. Common acts include a variety of acrobatics , gymnastics including tumbling and trampoline , aerial acts such as trapeze , aerial silk , corde lisse , contortion , stilt-walking , and a variety of other routines. Juggling is one of the most common acts in a circus; the combination of juggling and gymnastics is called equilibristics and includes acts like plate spinning and the rolling globe.
Acts like these are some of the most common and the most traditional. Clowns are common to most circuses and are typically skilled in many circus acts; "clowns getting into the act" is a very familiar theme in any circus. Daredevil stunt acts , freak shows , and sideshow acts are also parts of some circus acts, these activities may include human cannonball , chapeaugraphy , fire eating , breathing , and dancing , knife throwing , magic shows , sword swallowing , or strongman.
A popular sideshow attraction from the early 19th century was the flea circus , where fleas were attached to props and viewed through a Fresnel lens. A variety of animals have historically been used in acts. While the types of animals used vary from circus to circus, big cats namely lions , tigers , and leopards , camels , llamas , elephants , zebras , horses , donkeys , birds like parrots , doves , and cockatoos , sea lions , bears , monkeys , and domestic animals such as cats and dogs are the most common.
The earliest involvement of animals in circus was just the display of exotic creatures in a menagerie. Going as far back as the early eighteenth century, exotic animals were transported to North America for display, and menageries were a popular form of entertainment. Soon elephants and big cats were displayed as well.
Isaac A. Van Amburgh entered a cage with several big cats in , and is generally considered to be the first wild animal trainer in American circus history. Animal rights groups have documented many cases of animal cruelty in the training of performing circus animals. It is also alleged that the animals are kept in cages that are too small and are given very little opportunity to walk around outside of their enclosure, thereby violating their right to freedom. According to PETA, although the US Animal Welfare Act does not permit any sort of punishment that puts the animals in discomfort,  trainers will still go against this law and use such things as electric rods and bull hooks.
On behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality of the Netherlands, Wageningen University conducted an investigation into the welfare of circus animals in Based on these findings, the researchers called for more stringent regulation regarding the welfare of circus animals.
In , the Dutch government announced a ban on the use of wild circus animals. Cirkus Arena offer spacious, state-of-the-art conference facilities. The banquet hall facility has its own entrance with a cloakroom where you can hang your coats.
You will then be shown up to the impressive banquet hall, where you can mingle with a glass of Champagne in your hand. Then you will take your places at the table and enjoy an exclusive menu, including wine with both the starter and main course. When it is time for the performance, you will enter the Cirkus Arena via a private entrance and we will help seat your guests.
Each guest will receive a programme for the performance if one is offered. After the show you, will return to your tables for coffee and dessert.
For more information about this exclusive package, please contact our restaurant or group reservations. E-mail: restaurang cirkus. Ernst Rolf was a popular variety artist, actor and singer and a visit to his loge will give you a feel of the legacy and heritage of Cirkus in the s. Enjoy a superb dinner in the unique surroundings of the Ernst Rolf Loge. Your personal waiter will be on hand throughout the evening to make sure everything is just as you like it. The historic surroundings together with the culinary experience and the performance will make it a night to remember.
Here we serve classic dishes with a modern twist! Find out more. Frequently Asked Questions Here is a list of frequently asked questions, which we hope will answer any other queries you may have prior to your visit to Cirkus. Stay close to Cirkus Looking for a hotel located in the neighbourhood? Gift Cards Giving someone a wonderful experience is the best gift of all. Order now. About Cirkus. Banquet Hall. Ernst Rolf Loge. Little Cirkus. Cirkus Arena. Contact Email: josefine cirkus.
View all trending tracks. Loading player…. Scrobble from Spotify? Connect to Spotify Dismiss. Search Search. Cirkus UK was formed from the ashes of bands Moonhead and Lucas Tyson, the group's high standard of musicianship was well known in their native north-east where they attracted much attention and had a devoted following. It was felt that the quintet could achieve success on a national scale, provided management handled matters properly and they got the right breaks.
When in lead vocalist Paul Robson left the group, his replaceme… read more. It was felt that the quintet could achieve success on a national s… read more. It was felt that the quintet could achieve success on a national scale, provided management handled matters properly and they got the righ… read more.
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